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Additional COVID-19 Resources for Nurses and Nursing Students:

Advanced Practice Nursing Programs by Specialization

Nurse practitioners and specialized nursing occupations have a very bright future. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS, Dec. 2017), opportunities for advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs)—nurse anesthetists, nurse midwives, and nurse practitioners—are expected to swell 31 percent from 2016 to 2026, significantly faster than the average growth expected across all occupations during that time (7 percent). For NPs, openings are projected to increase 36 percent in the same timeframe.

Due to the high demand in this field, nurse practitioner schools across the country allow people to further their education and prepare them for this rewarding career. These programs have various academic points of entry, including options for RN-, BSN-, and MSN-prepared nurses. And for those seeking flexibility and convenience, there are online nurse practitioner programs which allow students to get clinical hours at preceptor sites located close to their homes.

To find out which educational pathway might be right for you, check out the specializations and subspecialities below.

Nurse Practitioner Specializations

There are APRN programs available at top nursing schools across the country. Some require that incoming students declare a specialty track during the application process, while others—particularly at the RN entry-point—may allow students to determine their specialty while enrolled. Some of the most common nurse practitioner specializations and subfields are detailed below.

  • Nurse Practitioner (NP)

    Nurse practitioners (NPs) specialize in areas such as adult care, mental health, pediatric care, or emergency care. Clinical hours provide them with hands-on training to deepen their assessment, diagnostic, and treatment skills in their specialty area.

  • Pediatric NP (PNP)

    Pediatric nurse practitioners (PNPs) treat children’s diseases and injuries, as well as interface with patients' parents to provide holistic care. There are two common subspecialties: acute care (PNP-AC) and primary care (PNP-PC).

  • Acute Care NP

    Acute care nurse practitioners (ACNPs) help patients with immediate, severe, and generally short-lived medical issues such as illnesses, injuries, or trauma.

  • Psychiatric / Mental Health NP (PMHNP)

    Psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioners (PMHNPs) examine, diagnose, and treat patients with mental illnesses. They also educate patients’ families on conditions to dispel any misunderstandings.

  • Adult Gerontology NP (AGNP)

    Adult gerontology nurse practitioners (AGNPs) work with adolescents and adults across many settings such as hospitals and community clinics. In addition to generalist AGNPs, there are two popular subspecialties: acute care (AGNP-AC) and primary care (AGNP-PC).

  • Emergency NP

    Emergency nurse practitioners (ENPs) work to assess, stabilize, and treat patients in hospital emergency rooms and urgent care centers.

  • Neonatal NP (NNP)

    Neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) work with newborns with a variety of health problems, including prematurity, birth defects, or infections.

  • Family NP (FNP)

    Family nurse practitioners (FNPs) work as primary care nurses to patients throughout the lifespan. They’re often the first to diagnose illnesses or refer people with serious conditions to specialists.

  • Women's Health NP (WHNP)

    Women's health nurse practitioners (WHNPs) address women's needs—including managing illnesses, reproductive health, and age-specific treatments—from adolescence through their advanced years.

Nurses considering a nurse practitioner track might also consider other APRN programs, like those listed below.

  • Certified Nurse-Midwife (CNM)

    Certified nurse-midwives (CNMs) receive extensive training in gynecology and newborn care, as well as general women's health issues.

  • Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS)

    Clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) may focus on various areas of nursing, including treatment of certain age groups, specific illnesses, or common conditions such as stress and pain.

  • Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA)

    Certified registered nurse anesthetists (CRNAs) are able to provide anesthesia and monitor patients during surgeries.

Online Advanced Nursing Programs

For aspiring advanced practice nurses, there is a wealth of online programs organized along three main verticals. Please note that programs can accommodate various starting points, admitting qualified candidates with ADN, BSN, or MSN degrees, and generally have flexible starting dates with limited campus visitation. Discover all of the online program pathways in advanced nursing below.

Most Affordable Online NP Degree Programs


This database comprises more than 640 online NP programs at the MSN, DNP, and post-master’s certificate levels. To qualify as online, each program had to require less than ten campus visits total. Gathered between 2015 and 2017, these are ranked by affordability using out-of-state tuition.

View the most affordable online NP programs by specialization: AGNP | FNP | NNP | PMHNP | PNP | WHNP

School Tuition
(Out of State)
Cost Per Credit Hour 100% Online? Start Dates?
Delta State University
Cleveland, MS
DNP - Family Nurse Practitioner - Post Master's (For FNPs)
No (6 required visits)
Frontier Nursing University
Hyden, KY
Post-Master's DNP
No (1 required visit)
Jan, Apr, July, Oct
University of Arkansas at Fayetteville
Fayetteville, AR
Adult-Geriatric Acute Care Nurse Practitioner - MSN to DNP
No (1 required visit)
Family Nurse Practitioner - MSN to DNP
No (1 required visit)
Columbus State University
Columbus, GA
MSN - Family Nurse Practitioner
Fall, Spring
University of Nevada Las Vegas
Las Vegas, NV
MSN to DNP - Advanced Family Nurse Practitioner track
No (3 required visits)
University of South Carolina
Columbia, SC
Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner - Family - MSN to DNP
No (4 required visits)
Fall, Spring, Summer
Adult Gerontology Acute Care Nurse Practitioner - MSN to DNP
No (4 required visits)
Fall, Spring, Summer
Family Nurse Practitioner - MSN to DNP
No (4 required visits)
Fall, Spring, Summer
Adult Gerontology Acute Care Nurse Practitioner - MSN
No (8 required visits)
Fall, Spring, Summer
New Mexico State University
Las Cruces, NM
DNP - Adult/Gerontological Nurse Practitioner
No (5 required visits)
DNP - Family Nurse Practitioner
No (5 required visits)
DNP - Family Psych/Mental Health Nurse Practitioner
No (5 required visits)
University of Southern Mississippi
Hattiesburg, MS
Family Nurse Practitioner - MSN
No (2 required visits)
Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Online Degree - MSN
No (2 required visits)
Purdue University, Calumet
Hammond, IN
Online Family NP Master's Degree
Touro University
Henderson, NV
MSN - Family Nurse Practitioner
No (3 required visits)
Summer, Winter, Spring

Online NP Programs By State

Find online programs offered by universities near you by selecting your state from the list below. Please note that in-state schools may provide advantages, including campus proximity (to facilitate any campus visitation requirements); a higher likelihood of your degree being recognized by the relevant state board of nursing for licensure; and for state schools, the possibility of having your in-state residency factored into your program tuition. Check out the list of online NP programs in your state with specializations, accreditation, and campus visitation requirements specified. Additionally, you have the opportunity to meet influential nursing professors virtually who are involved in the programs to get a better sense of what to expect.

Online NP Programs by Pathway

Top nursing programs are not always located conveniently close to a student’s home. Luckily there are many distance-based NP programs which accommodate most specializations and academic points of entry. These programs involve a combination of online didactic coursework and hands-on local preceptorships which are supervised by licensed clinical professionals. Prospective students are encouraged to verify the “state authorization” status of programs to ensure that they’re eligible to enroll since there are varying local laws governing distance education. Explore the variety of online NP degree programs below.


*Also requires a non-nursing bachelor's degree; please see the "Online Accelerated MSN - NP" programs page for more details.

Heroes in the Fight for Full Practice Authority

Practice authority is one of the most contentious issues in the nurse practitioner community. The ability to practice autonomously varies by state and prevents some NPs from working to the full extent of their education, training, and credentialing. Despite mounting evidence that NPs provide safe, quality, and cost-effective healthcare, this battle continues, leading to patient confusion and requiring expensive “collaborative agreements” with physicians to prescribe common treatments, among other negative consequences. Check out interviews with NP professors of all specializations and regions to find out how to get involved.

Nurse Practitioner FAQ

Nurse practitioners are highly trained medical professionals, striving to accurately examine, assess, diagnose, and treat patients. They may also order medical testing, prescribe medications, and refer advanced cases to specialists. NPs work in doctors' offices, community clinics, hospitals, and other medical settings. In some states, they’re required to have a supervisory contract with a physician. NPs receive formal training beyond the typical registered nurse (RN) education. In fact, most NPs hold master’s degrees and as a result, they have higher salaries than RNs. According to the most recent data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS 2017), the mean annual wage for nurse practitioners across the country is $107,480.

The American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) actively recommends the doctor of nursing practice (DNP)—the terminal degree of the field—as the most advanced preparation in nursing. The adoption of the DNP as the new standard may mean increased course loads and a longer training period for new NPs, but the result will be an even stronger foundation for professional practice upon graduation. While the DNP is not yet mandatory in the field, it may be recommended to enhance one’s job candidacy, opportunities for leadership, and earning potential. Learn more about the DNP and other common questions for nurse practitioners in the frequently asked questions (FAQs) below.

A Day in the Life of a Nurse Practitioner

Researching various nurse practitioner programs doesn’t always give you a feel for the lived experiences in the profession. For example, what can you expect to do on a daily basis as a hospice NP? What are the emotional considerations of working as a family psychiatric NP? Or what credentials do you need to be a travel NP? While NP program descriptions can teach you about these fields in the abstract, it may be even more useful to experience a day through the eyes of these various healthcare professions. Check out the pieces below in our “A Day in the Life” series to get an idea of what to expect on the job.

The Latest From the NP Education Blog

The NP Education Blog is an excellent resource for those considering applying to a nurse practitioner school. It offers a wealth of resources, including program lists, interviews with professors, scholarship opportunities, and popular trends in the field.


The Looming Primary Care Provider Shortage: Midwest

28 December 2018

A lack of access to primary care in the United States is one of the key reasons why the Commonwealth Fund ranks the U.S. as having the worst healthcare system in the affluent world. Looking to the future, the impending primary care provider shortage indicates that this problem is only to going to intensify, particularly in the South and Midwest.


Oklahoma NPs: The Fight for Full Practice Authority

13 December 2018

Given the overwhelming evidence that NPs provide cost-effective, safe healthcare for their patients, it’s time for Oklahoma to disabuse itself of unnecessary practice restrictions so that NPs can help alleviate the looming primary care provider shortage.


The Looming Primary Care Provider Shortage in the Northwest

03 December 2018

Primary care, when accessible and publicized in communities, has been proven to diminish health disparities between social classes. The future of healthcare in the Northwest and all over the country is dependent on the reform insurance systems, policy, and education, among other aspects.

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